Section #13: Masoretic, Septuagint and King James Version Comparison for Sheol & Hades
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The purpose of this section is to show that translators two hundred years before the Christian era considered the Greek word HADES to be the best translation for the Hebrew word SHEOL.

The Masoretic text was created around the sixth century A.D. by the Masoretes. The Masoretes supposedly replaced scribes who had been copying the original text for many successive generations and continued to preserve the scriptures for another five hundred years in a form known as the Masoretic Text. The KJV along with most of the newest bible versions have been translated from this Hebrew text.

The Septuagint is a Greek translation of the Hebrew scriptures. It was supposedly created in Alexandria and is said to be the earliest known version that is extant. It is thought to have been created about three centuries before the Christian era.

Some of the articles I read on the subject of HELL mentioned that the Septuagint translators used the Greek word HADES for the Hebrew word SHEOL. The data in the first table below confirms the statements made by these authors. The second table shows the different spellings for SHEOL in Hebrew and for HADES in Greek. It is important to relize that the Septuagint translators did not translate from from the Masoretic text because it didn't exist until the sixth century A.D. If in the future I am able to find a copy of the Hebrew text that was used for the Septuagint translation, I will include it in the tables also. I used the The Septuagint with Apocrypha and Hatch and Redpath Concordance to the Septuagint to gather the data for these tables.
 
 

Comparison of the Masoretics SHEOL to the Septuagints HADES
Verse
Masoretic
Septuagint
KJV
 
Verse
Masoretic
Septuagint
KJV
Gen 37:45
grave
 
Psa 141:7
grave's
 Gen 42:38
 grave
 
 Pro 1:12
grave 
 Gen 44:29
 grave
 
 Pro 5:5
 hell
 Gen 44:31
 grave
 
 Pro 7:27
 hell
 Num 16:30
 pit
 
 Pro 9:18
 hell
 Num 16:33
 pit
 
 Pro 14:12
------
 ------
 Deu 32:22
 hell
 
Pro 15:11 
 hell
 1Sa 2:6
 grave
 
 Pro 15:24
 hell
 2Sa 22:6
------
 hell
 
 Pro 16:25
------
 ------
 1Ki 2:6
 grave
 
 Pro 23:14
------
 hell
 1Ki 2:9
 grave
 
 Pro 24:51
------
 ------
 Job 7:9
------
 grave
 
 Pro 27:20
 hell
 Job 11:8
 hell
 
 Pro 30:16
------
 grave 
 Job 14:13
 grave
 
 Ecc 9:10
 grave
 Job 17:13
 grave
 
 Son 8:6
 grave
 Job 17:16
 pit
 
 Isa 5:14
 hell
 Job 21:13
 grave
 
 Isa 14:9
 hell
 Job 24:19
------
 grave
 
 Isa 14:11
 grave
 Job 26:6
 hell
 
 Isa 14:15
 hell
 Job 33:22
------
 ------
 
 Isa 14:19
------
 ------
 Job 38:17
------
 ------
 
 Isa 28:15
 hell
 Psa 6:5
 grave
 
 Isa 28:18
 hell
 Psa 9:17
 hell
 
 Isa 38:10
 grave
 Psa 16:10
 hell
 
 Isa 38:18
 grave
 Psa 18:5
 hell
 
 Isa 38:18
------
 grave
 Psa 30:3
 grave
 
 Isa 57:9
 hell
 Psa 31:17
 grave
 
 Jer 41:5
------
 ------
 Psa 49:14
 grave
 
 Eze 31:15
 grave
Psa 49:14
grave
 
Eze 31:16
hell
 Psa 49:15
 grave
 
 Eze 31:17
 hell
 Psa 55:15
 hell
 
 Eze 32:21
------
 hell
 Psa 86:13
 hell
 
 Eze 32:27
 hell
 Psa 88:3
 grave
 
 Hos 13:14
 grave
 Psa 89:48
 grave
 
 Hos 13:14
 grave
 Psa 115:17
------
 ------
 
 Amo 9:2
 hell
 Psa 116:3
 hell
 
 Jon 2:2
 hell
 Psa 139:8
 hell
 
 Hab 2:5
 hell

 
Special Notes Concerning Pro 24:51

Pro 24:51 is found only in the Hatch & Redpath Concordance to the Septuagint.

NOTE from the Septuagint Greek and English Bible: The verses of this chapter are much intermingled with parts of other chapters.
 


 
 
 
Different Spellings of SHEOL and HADES
SHEOL
Masoretic Text - (Hebrew)
HADES
Septuagint Text - (Greek)
 
 
 
 

 

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